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New Research Progress About Fatty Acids

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New Research Progress About Fatty Acids

February 28
18:03 2020
A research team at the University of Minnesota says it has found how fasting, exercising and limiting caloric intake may boost the lifespan of people who regularly consume extra virgin olive oil. The Intermountain research team presented two new studies about omega-3s at the 2019 American Heart Association Scientific Sessions in Philadelphia on Nov. 17, 2019.

Fatty acid refers to a long aliphatic hydrocarbon chain containing a carboxyl group at one end. It is an organic substance. The formula of straight-chain saturated fatty acids is C (n) H (2n + 1) COOH. Lower fatty acids are colorless liquid. Fatty acids are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the main components of neutral fats, phospholipids, and glycolipids. Fatty acids can be divided into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), mid-chain fatty acids (MCFA), and long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) according to different carbon chain lengths.

The fatty acids contained in general foods are mostly long-chain fatty acids. Fatty acids can be divided into three types according to the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, namely saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).

Fatty acids are mainly used in the manufacture of daily cosmetics, detergents, industrial fatty acid salts, coatings, paints, rubbers, soaps, etc.

The two types of basic fatty acids, saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids, cannot be produced by the body but must be obtained through a healthy diet. These fatty acids are essential to maintain cell membranes to transport fat in the body and help produce prostaglandins.

Unsaturated fatty acids are essential fats in the human body. They cannot be synthesized in the human body and must be obtained through food. Unsaturated fatty acids support the cardiovascular system, the reproductive system, the immune system and the nervous system. The human body needs this fatty acid to produce it and repair the cell membrane.

Unsaturated fatty acids are notes that regulate body functions such as heartbeat, blood, blood coagulation, fertility and conception. Unsaturated fatty acids can help immune function by regulating inflammation and encouraging the body to fight infection. Children’s growth, especially the development and maturation of the nervous and sensory systems, requires these basic fatty acids such as unsaturated fatty acids.

A research team at the University of Minnesota says it has found how fasting, exercising and limiting caloric intake may boost the lifespan of people who regularly consume extra virgin olive oil. The scientists found that the beneficial effects of the monounsaturated fats are realized once the fats have been broken down, which is why fasting and exercise are essential to realizing greater benefits. They found that the way this fat works is it first has to get stored in microscopic things called lipid droplets, which is how cells store fat.

The Intermountain research team presented two new studies about omega-3s at the 2019 American Heart Association Scientific Sessions in Philadelphia on Nov. 17, 2019. In one study, the Intermountain research team identified 87 patients who were part of the Intermountain INSPIRE Registry and had developed prostate cancer. These patients were also tested for plasma levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which are two common omega-3 fatty acids. When compared to a matched control group of 149 men, the researchers found that higher omega-3 levels were not linked with elevated prostate cancer risk. In the second study presented at the 2019 American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, the Intermountain researchers looked at 894 patients undergoing coronary angiography (a test that shows how blood flows through the arteries in the heart). These patients had no prior history of heart attack or coronary artery disease, however upon their first angiogram, about 40% of those patients had severe disease and about 10% had three-vessel disease, Le said.

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered that the strange little cellular appendage is sensing omega-3 fatty acids in the diet, and that this signal is directly affecting how stem cells in fat tissue divide and turn into fat cells. The finding represents a missing link between two worlds – that of dietary science, and that of molecular and cellular biology. Dietary studies have long found that the consumption of omega-3 fatty acids, essential fatty acids common in fish and nuts, is associated with lower risk of heart disease, stroke, arthritis and even depression.

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