The Best Way to Grow Orchids – Indoor Garden Tips

The beauty, complexity and incredible diversity of orchid flowers are unrivalled in the plant world. The Best LED Light for growing will help you to have a beautiful orchid indoor.

1.Plant Card

Scientific Name Phalaenopsis aphrodite H. G. Reichenbach
Nickname butterfly orchid
Family Orchidaceae, Phalaenopsis
Native State Native to tropical and subtropical regions, epiphytes on jungle trunks
Breeding Method Seed propagation and tissue culture
Main Value
  1. ornamental value;
  2. High-grade fresh cut flowers;
  3. Purify the air
Toxicity non-toxic
Flower Viewing Period 60-90 Days
Plant Height 25-70cm
Crown Width 15-40cm
Suit Pink, purple, orange, red, white, purple blue and other colors, and there are stripes, line changes
Production and sales Available all year round

2.Morphological Characteristics

StemStems are short, often enclosed by leaf sheaths;

LeafLeaves 3-4 or more, oval or sickle-shaped oblong, 10-20 cm long and 3-6 cm wide;

FlowerThe scape is long, the peduncle diameter is 4-5 mm, and the rachis is slightly folded; the flowers are white and beautiful; the middle sepals are nearly elliptic, about 3 cm long, slightly narrow at the base, and the lateral sepals are obliquely ovate, 2.6-3.5 cm long, Base adnate stamen; petals rhombic, 2.7-3.4 cm long, apex rounded, with short claws, lip with 7-9 mm long claws, lateral lobes obovate, 2 cm long, base narrow, with red Spotted or finely striated, middle lobes rhombic, 1.5-2.8 cm long, 1.4-1.7 cm wide, apex acuminate, with 2 tendrils, base with yellow fleshy protrusions: stamens about 1 cm long, stamens wide; each The pollen mass is split into 2 pieces of unequal size.

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3.Indoor maintenance points

  Phalaenopsis characteristics Maintenance points
Temperature Likes warm and chills, the optimum temperature for growth is 16-30°C Heating in winter, cooling in summer
Watering 1. Humidity, suitable for growth, the air humidity is 60% to 80%;2.Avoid waterlogging at the root. The principle of watering is to see the dry and see the wet. When the surface of the cultivation substrate becomes dry, water it once, and the water temperature should be close to the room temperature. When the indoor air is dry, the sprayer can be used to spray directly on the leaves, and the leaves can be seen to be wet, but pay attention, spray water during the flowering period and do not spray the water mist on the flowers. The pot should not accumulate too much water. If the roots are surrounded by liquid water for 6 to 8 hours, the roots will easily rot. The flower pot has a drainage outlet, and the matrix is loose and breathable.
Light Likes half shade, avoids direct light, likes scattered light Place it indoors in an area with no direct light and sufficient scattered light. The growth stage requires 5000 to 8000 lux of light. The flowering stage requires 8000 to 15000 lux. If necessary, artificial supplementary light can be provided when the indoor scattered light is insufficient.
The effect of insufficient light Insufficient light intensity;insufficient light time;unsuitable light environment. When the light is insufficient or the time is too short, the plant will experience poor growth and slow growth, and the longer the time, the more serious it will be. First, the leaves become thinner and thinner, the color of the leaves will change from dark green to light green, and the stem nodes will become longer. At the same time, it may lead to a decrease in the rate of stalking, slow growth of pedicels, delay in the beginning of flowering, reduction in the number of flowers, shortening of the overall flowering period, and a reduction in the ornamental value of flowers. In the most severe cases, it will stop growing and even die.
Ventilation Like the flow of fresh air Place it in a well-ventilated area indoors. During the high humidity period in summer, it can be artificially ventilated to prevent heatstroke and avoid the infection of pests and diseases.
Nutrition like thin fat Apply thin fertilizers frequently, apply nitrogen and potassium fertilizers in the growing period, and apply phosphorus and potassium fertilizers in the flowering period. It can be used once a week or half a month. Do not fertilize during the dormant period of flowering, but pay attention to appropriate supplementation of fertilizers in the pre-flowering and late-flowering stages.
Prune Abundant flowering, inconsistent flowering The blooming flowers need to be cleaned up in time
Change pots Repotting should be carried out in the summer of the growing season, and the growth medium must be well-drained and have a certain water retention capacity. The commonly used substrates of Phalaenopsis are moss, fern roots, bark, charcoal, ceramsite, etc.The method of changing pots is to first pour out the plants, remove the old cultivation substrate, and cut off the aging and rotten aerial roots, then put a layer of charcoal particles on the bottom of the new pot, then put the plants, fill in the new substrate, and compact. Just water it.The time for changing pots should depend on the cultivation medium. The sphagnum moss substrate will rot in 1 to 2 years. When it rots, it will secrete extremely acidic substances, which will damage the aerial roots. If not replaced in time, it will lead to rotten roots. Therefore, if sphagnum moss or bark is used as the substrate, the pot needs to be changed once every 1 to 2 years; the pot can be changed once every 2 to 3 years when cultivated with coconut shell; the pot can be changed once every 3 to 5 years when cultivated with ceramsite or charcoal. . But apply diligently and lightly fertilizers to make up for the lack or lack of nutrients in these substrates.
breed Seed propagation and tissue culture propagation Phalaenopsis reproduction requires professional operation, self-propagation is not feasible
Maintenance and light requirements for repeat blooms Repeated blooms are difficult After the phalaenopsis flower withers, cut off the flower stalk from the position of the two growth nodes up the flower diameter. The flower mirror at the bottom can still grow small branches. The branches on the flower stalk can re-grow flowers and bloom. Flowers are not as bright as the first time.After cutting off the residual flowers, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution should be supplemented regularly. After diluting with water, it can be sprayed directly on the leaves, usually once every 2 weeks, which will help to replenish the nutrients consumed by flowering in time and promote secondary flowering.At the same time, reasonable artificial light can promote the differentiation of flower buds and ensure the quantity and quality of Phalaenopsis flowers.
Extended flowering period Light and temperature control flowering period It is best to control the temperature at night between 13 and 16 °C during flowering, but not lower than 13 °C, or use a special fill light for orchids.
 
4.The best maintenance scene recommendation
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Scene 1: Bedroom bedside table, dresser

Recommended reason: Phalaenopsis is a plant that metabolizes sedum acid. The characteristics of this type of plant are to absorb carbon dioxide at night, and at the same time, it can absorb dust impurities and harmful gases in the air, which can purify the air. Eye-catching phalaenopsis in full bloom, the inner impetuous, tired, can help sleep.

Scene 2: Desk

Recommended reason: Phalaenopsis flowers are gorgeous and delicate, and the flower stalks are wanton and agile. It is a decompression partner during work and study.

The orchid is usually very long, and normally need enough light. But flowers always hide the leaves from photosynthesis process, this orchid lamp can hold the plant stake and supply enough light for leaves.

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